The Civil Society Workshop will meet on Thursday, February 20 at 12:30 pm in the PoliSci thesis room (5200.07) for a discussion with
Visiting scholar at Teachers College Columbia University, Associate professor at Kamakura Women’s University
Philanthropic contributions to public research universities in the U.S. and Japan: How do government subsidies and tax policies affect donative behavior?
This talk explores how government subsidies and tax policies affect donations to public research universities in the U.S. and Japan. After Japanese national universities were incorporated from being governmental organizations to national university corporations in 2004, they started doing fundraising to compensate for the decreasing trends of governmental operation funds. However, there is a huge gap between Japanese and American research universities with regard to donations. To explore what determines the trends of donations to public research universities in both countries, this study focuses on environmental aspects such as macro-economic factors, government subsidies, and charitable tax deduction policies in the U.S. and Japan. Using panel data of donations to public research universities from the late 2000s to the 2010s in both countries, this study shows that environmental factors affect donations to public research universities differently. Moreover, it implies philanthropic contributions in the U.S. are based on the combination of strong capital markets and a charitable deductions policy, which is different from the Japanese higher education model. This study will discuss the isomorphism of U.S. universities’ philanthropic model to the Japanese higher education system by introducing the recent Japanese tax policies and the reform of university administration.
Room: Political Science Thesis Room, room 5200.07